عنوان مقاله [English]
Diplomacy is one of the tools that countries use to achieve their interests in the international system. Coercive diplomacy is a type of diplomacy that aims to convince the other party through threats or legal, political and economic pressure. The purpose of the current research is the coercive diplomacy of America in the era of Obama, Trump and Biden towards Iran. The question is, what are the differences between the methods of using coercive diplomacy by the three administrations of Obama, Biden and Trump, and which one has been more effective? The hypothesis is: coercive diplomacy in the Obama era using smart power and the priority of diplomacy and global consensus against Iran over the military option, in the Trump era with the priority of maximum pressure and comprehensive use of sanctions over negotiation, and in the Biden era in the form of a combination of economic sanctions and A global consensus has been pursued against Iran, and the effectiveness of this method has been greater during the Obama era than other governments. Based on the findings of the current research, coercive diplomacy in the Obama era had taken on a less threatening aspect than in the Trump era due to the intelligent alignment of US allied countries in the form of limiting the nuclear program. During the Biden period, sanctioning individuals and institutions and trying to revive the JCPOA and at the same time pointing out Iran's nuclear and military program is a form of pressure to convince Iran. The research method is descriptive and the data and information collection tool is a library, and we have used books, articles and authentic reports of government centers. The theoretical framework of the research is aggressive realism.